Many changes have been made to the piano since is was first conceptualised around the year 1700, by the Italian inventor Bartolomeo Cristofori. The original pianoforte is a far-cry from the modern examples that we see today, which is the result of continuous improvements with influences from various leading manufacturers across the globe. The changes which have been made over the years include the introduction of a cast iron frame to support the tensile stress of stronger str
A 'capstan' is an adjustable screw which is attached to the back of each key. The capstan is the first point of contact from the key to the pianos action, thus putting everything else into motion. Polishing or lubricating capstans is a standard part of our reconditioning process; a very important but often neglected task. There are a few variations of capstans. Some are made from brass, others wood and plastic.
It depends on the piano and which manufacturer made it. Most cap
Recently a few of our customers have asked us why we replace the pedal box felt, as a standard part of our reconditioning process, on all of our pianos before we offer them for sale. The purpose of the felt within the pedal boxes is to provide a silent operation from the pedals when they are being used. Without the felt, the pedal would 'knock' on the top and the bottom of the pedal box when the pedal is depressed and released. The original felt, over time, gets compressed wh
Key-bushings are made from bearing cloth and sit within the mortises of the wooden keys, between the wood and the pins on the key frame; which serve to keep the keys on track. Without key bushings the keys would clatter against these pins. Over time the key-bushings wear down with use, harden with age and sometimes fall out altogether. This causes the keys to wobble and rattle, giving a piano that distinctive 'old feel'. For piano keys to perform correctly (and silently) thes